Texas gospel singer and musician Washington Phillips (1880-1954) recorded 18 songs for Columbia Records between 1927 and 1929. Sixteen of those recordings survive. Considered one of the progenaters of American gospel music, his gospel songs were often sermons cast in music. His music has been recorded by Ry Cooder, Ralph Stanley, Phish, and many others. One of his songs was featured in the recent film We Need to Talk About Kevin.
Here's "Denomination Blues, Part 1."